6.1. Prescriptive and Enforcement Jurisdiction: Territorial and Extraterritorial Application

Public International law

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Jurisdiction: Overview

Jurisdiction is the government’s general power to exercise authority over all persons and entities within its territory. Jurisdiction is closely related to, and stems from, the principle of state sovereignty and sovereign equality and independence of states from non-interference in its internal affairs.

Jurisdiction covers

(1) the state legislature’s right to create, amend or repeal legislation: we called this prescriptive jurisdiction (legislative powers),

(2) the state’s right to enforce this legislation through, for example, the police and public prosecutors, by investigating a crime and arresting a suspect: we called this enforcement jurisdiction

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